Amino Acid Sequence of the Serine Active-Site Region of the Medium-Chain S-acyl Fatty Acid Synthetase Thioester Hydrolase From Rat Mammary Gland

Z I Randhawa, J Naggert, R W Blacher, S Smith

Eur J Biochem. 1987 Feb 2;162(3):577-81.

PMID: 3104035


Medium-chain S-acyl fatty acid synthetase thioester hydrolase (thioesterase II), a discrete monomeric enzyme of 29 kDa, regulates the product specificity of the de novo lipogenic systems in certain specialized mammalian and avian tissues, such as mammary and uropygial glands. The amino acid sequence of a 57-residue region containing the active site of the rat mammary gland enzyme has been established by a combination of amino acid and cDNA sequencing. Thioesterase II was radiolabeled with the serine esterase inhibitor [1,3-14C]diisopropyl-fluorophosphate and digested sequentially with cyanogen bromide, Staphylococcus aureus V8 protease and trypsin. A radiolabeled tryptic peptide was isolated and sequenced by automated Edman degradation and the location of the active-site residue established. The amino acid sequence was confirmed by sequencing an overlapping, unlabeled peptide, obtained by V8 digestion of the whole enzyme, and by dideoxynucleotide sequencing of a thioesterase II cDNA clone isolated from a lambda gt11 expression library. The active center contains the motif Gly-Xaa-Ser-Xaa-Gly, characteristic of the serine esterase family of enzymes. A seven-residue region around the essential serine of the rat mammary thioesterase II, Phe-Gly-Met-Ser-Phe-Gly-Ser, is completely homologous with a region of the mallard uropygial thioesterase, recently analyzed by cDNA sequencing, indicating that this is likely to be the active site of the avian enzyme. Overall homology between the mammalian and avian enzymes for the 57-amino-acid residue region is 47% and suggests that the two enzymes may share a common evolutionary origin.

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