Antidepressant-like Effects of SR 57227A, a 5-HT3 Receptor Agonist, in Rodents

M Poncelet, A Perio, J Simiand, G Gout, P Soubrie, G Le Fur

J Neural Transm Gen Sect. 1995;102(2):83-90.

PMID: 8748673

Abstract:

We have investigated the effect of SR 57227A, a selective 5-HT3 receptor agonist which crosses the blood brain barrier, on three rodent models in which antidepressants are active. In the forced swimming test, SR 57227A dose-dependently reduced the duration of immobility in mice and rats after i.p. administration. (ED50 = 14.2 mg/kg i.p. in mice, and 7.6 mg/kg i.p. in rats.) The compound was also active in both species after oral administration. In a time-course study in mice, SR 57227A (20 mg/kg p.o.) produced a significant effect lasting 6 h. SR 57227A (1 and 3 mg/kg i.p.) reduced the elevation of the escape failures in the learned helplessness model in rats by 50-60% on the last two days of the avoidance task, and reduced isolation-induced aggressivity in mice by 50 to 85%, an effect which was antagonised by zacopride (1 mg/kg i.p.). These results suggest that the stimulation of 5-HT3 receptors can produce antidepressant-like effects in behavioral tests in rodents.

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