Nitric Oxide synthase/K+ Channel Cascade Triggers the Adenosine A(2B) Receptor-Sensitive Renal Vasodilation in Female Rats

Hanan M El-Gowelli, Sahar M El-Gowilly, Lamia K Elsalakawy, Mahmoud M El-Mas

Eur J Pharmacol. 2013 Feb 28;702(1-3):116-25.

PMID: 23396225


Adenosine A2B-receptors mediate the adenosine-evoked renal vasodilations in male rats. Here, we tested whether this finding could be replicated in female renal vasculature and whether K(+) hyperpolarization induced by nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and/or heme oxygenase (HO) accounts for adenosine A2B receptor-sensitive renal vasodilations. In phenylephrine-preconstricted perfused kidneys, vasodilations caused by the adenosine analog 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA, 1.6-50 nmol) were attenuated after blockade of adenosine A2B (alloxazine) but not A2A [8-(3-Chlorostyryl) caffeine, CSC] or A3 receptors (N-(2-methoxyphenyl)-N'-[2-(3-pyridinyl)-4-quinazolinyl]-urea, VUF 5574), confirming the preferential involvement of A2B receptors in NECA responses. NOS activation mediated the A2B receptor-mediated NECA response because: (i) NOS inhibition (N(ω)-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester, L-NAME) attenuated NECA vasodilations, (ii) concurrent L-NAME/alloxazine exposure caused more inhibition of NECA responses, and (iii) inhibition of NECA responses by alloxazine disappeared in L-arginine-supplemented preparations. Although HO inhibition (zinc protoporphyrin) failed to modify NECA responses, the attenuation of these responses by alloxazine disappeared in hemin (HO inducer)-treated preparations. NECA vasodilations were also attenuated after exposure to BaCl2, glibenclamide but not tetraethylammonium (blockers of inward rectifier, ATP-sensitive, and Ca(2+)-dependent K(+)-channels, respectively). The combined alloxazine/BaCl2/glibenclamide infusion caused no additional attenuation of NECA vasodilations. Vasodilations caused by minoxidil (K(+)-channel opener) were reduced by L-NAME or BaCl2/glibenclamide, supporting the importance of NOS signaling in K(+) hyperpolarization. NECA or minoxidil vasodilations were attenuated by ouabain, Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase inhibitor, and in KCl-preconstricted preparations. Overall, facilitation of adenosine A2B receptor/NOS/K(+) channel/Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase cascade underlies NECA vasodilations in female rats. Enhancing HO activity, albeit not causally related to NECA vasodilations, improves the pharmacologically compromised (alloxazine) NECA response.

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