Synthesis and Orally Macrofilaricidal Evaluation of Niclosamide Lymphotropic Prodrugs

L Elkihel, P M Loiseau, J Bourass, P Gayral, Y Letourneux

Arzneimittelforschung. 1994 Nov;44(11):1259-64.

PMID: 7848342

Abstract:

The development of new macrofilaricidal drugs is described following a strategy for the promotion of the lymphatic transport of anthelminthic drugs by-passing the liver. The selected compound was niclosamide (CAS 50-65-7) which is very effective in vitro against infective larvae but has no significant antifilarial activity when orally administered at 200 mumol/kg. To estimate the interest of such an approach, the synthesis of 5 prodrugs was achieved in a first stage. The intrinsic antifilarial activity and the delayed effect of these compounds were evaluated in vitro. Then, in vivo tests were performed with Molinema dessetae infective larvae to select the best ligands. The prodrug V 1,3-dihexadecanamido-2-[4-chloro(2- chloro-4-nitroanilinocarbonyl)phenyloxy-carbonylpropanoyl oxy]propane (having a diamide function) was responsible for an in vitro delayed effect and an orally in vivo activity (200 mumol/kg when administered in a single dose). The biological improvement of this easily micellizable prodrug which is stable to intestinal enzymes in respect to Niclosamide confirms such a strategy.

Chemicals Related in the Paper:

Catalog Number Product Name Structure CAS Number Price
AP50657 Niclosamide - CAS 50-65-7 Niclosamide - CAS 50-65-7 50-65-7 Price
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