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Shintaro Ueno, Kouichi Nakashima, Yasunao Sakamoto, Satoshi Wada
Nanomaterials (Basel). 2015 Mar 24;5(2):386-397.
Silver (Ag) nanoparticle-loaded strontium titanate (SrTiO₃) nanoparticles were attempted to be synthesized by a sol-gel-hydrothermal method. We prepared the titanium oxide precursor gels incorporated with Ag⁺ and Sr2+ ions with various molar ratios, and they were successfully converted into the Ag-SrTiO₃ hybrid nanoparticles by the hydrothermal treatment at 230 °C in strontium hydroxide aqueous solutions. The morphology of the SrTiO₃ nanoparticles is dendritic in the presence and absence of Ag⁺ ions. The precursor gels, which act as the high reactive precursor, give rise to high nucleation and growth rates under the hydrothermal conditions, and the resultant diffusion-limited aggregation phenomena facilitate the dendritic growth of SrTiO₃. From the field-emission transmission electron microscope observation of these Ag-SrTiO₃ hybrid nanoparticles, the Ag nanoparticles with a size of a few tens of nanometers are distributed without severe agglomeration, owing to the competitive formation reactions of Ag and SrTiO₃.