Enantioselective Pharmacokinetics of Ethotoin in Humans Following Single Oral Doses of the Racemate

W D Hooper, N J O'Shea, M S Qing

Chirality. 1992;4(3):142-7.

PMID: 1350205


Racemic ethotoin (1000 mg) was administered orally as a single dose to six healthy adult volunteers. Blood samples were collected at appropriate times for 120 h following the dose. Ethotoin was quantified enantio-selectively in plasma using a novel chiral column HPLC procedure. One of the enantiomers of the chiral metabolite, 5-phenylhydantoin, was also quantified in the HPLC method. The Cmax and AUC0-infinity values for (+)-(S)-ethotoin were significantly greater than those for (-)-(R)-ethotoin (ratio of mean AUC0-infinity values 0.88), but the elimination half-lives of the isomers were virtually identical [12.35 +/- 5.15 h for (-)-(R)-ethotoin; 12.28 +/- 5.34 h for (+)-(S)-ethotoin]. Parameters derived from AUC0-infinity (Cl0/F and V(area)/F) also differed slightly between the isomers. The data were interpreted as indicating a small difference in the absorption of the two isomers; it seemed unlikely, in terms of the identical elimination rates, that their metabolic profiles would differ greatly. The 5-phenylhydantoin was eliminated with a significantly longer half-life (18.69 +/- 6.11 h) than that of ethotoin. Enantioselectivity in the pharmacokinetics of ethotoin is therefore a minor issue.

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