- 1. Blood cell smear and Bone marrow smear stain: RBC appear pink, WBC cytoplasmic granules clear, and shows a variety of cell-specific color, nucleus stained Red purple, clear nuclear chromatin structure.
- 2. Vaginal discharge (Gynecological leucorrhea) smear stain：
① Trichomonas：After stained trichomonas compare with live trichomonas showing completely different forms, under normal circumstances, cannot see flagella. After staining, most trichomonas appears as pyriform, round, elliptic or other irregular forms. The cytoplasm is stained bice or cerulean, nuclear small, jujube-like and the small nucleus often lies in one side. It should be observed carefully to separate from epithelia.
② Candidiasis (mold): Stained into dark blue, blastopores can be found and pseudo hyphal appears slim and straight.
③ White blood cells: Morphology same with the white blood cells in blood cell smear, generally more or less white blood cells, suggesting that the level of inflammation, the diagnosis of the doctor has a certain role.
④ Leptotrichia：slender as silk, gray and blue.
⑤ Gonococcus: Stained blue, typically kidney-shaped diplococcus, most appeared in white blood cells, tissue cells inside and outside. Note that those staphylococci are often present in women's vaginal smears, similar to gonococcus, in the form of paired diplococcus. Evaluate gonococcus carefully to avoid misdiagnosis. Gonococci are generally accompanied by many leukocytes. This stain is used for pre-screening but not for final diagnosis.
⑥ Gardnerella vaginalist: Blue and short rod shape.
- 3. Exfoliated cells smear stain: Nucleus stained purple, the nucleolus stained blue. According to the differentiation program of Cytoplasm, the basophilic degree of change, showing shades ranging from blue.