Weak Acid Fast Stain

Weak Acid Fast Stain
Weak Acid Fast Stain

Assay-kits

Weak Acid Fast Stain

  • Product code: ACMBS-07
  • Specifications:  4x100mL, 4x250mL (Box)
  • Intended use: Used for acid-fast staining of weakly acidic bacteria such as Nocardia
  • Store temperature: 5℃~30℃
  • Expiry date: 24 Months

More Details

PrincipleMain componentsSample requirementTest procedureResult interpretationMethod limitationPrecautions

Principle

Acid-fast bacteria such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium leprae are difficult to stain because of their lipoid capsule in the cell wall. However, once the lipoid capsule is stained with an enhanced dye such as carbolfuchsin, the newly formed compound will resist decolorization from acid-alcohol and retain the original color stained (red), which can be easily differentiated from other microorganisms that still adsorb the counter blue stain. Because of Nocardia and other weak acid-fast bacteria their acid resistance is weak, the decolorizing force of the decolorization solution can not too strong, it can only decolorate with low concentration of hydrochloric acid or dilute sulfuric acid, otherwise the red is easily removed. This product uses low concentration of sulfuric acid as a decolorization solution.

Main components

Reagent compositionMain ingredient
1. Carbolfuchsin solutionBasic fuchsin, Phenol
2. Sulfuric acid solutionSulfuric acid
3. Methylene blue solutionMethylene blue

Sample requirement

  • The CSF, empyema puncture fluid or sputum specimens were smeared, and smeared the oval 10mm×20mm evenly on the front of the slide. It was naturally dried. And heated and fixed before staining (The slide is heated by flame for 4 times in 5 seconds).

Test procedure

  • 1. The smear after fixed, placed on the staining rack and the distance between the slides is more than 10mm.
  • 2. Fill the slide with the carbolfuchsin solution and heat it until steam appears. Stop heating and keep staining for 10 minutes. (Do not increase the temperature too high to avoid boiling or evaporating to the dry). Or at room temperature, it does not need to be heated, staining 30 minutes by adding carbolfuchsin solution.
  • 3. The running water slowly washed away the stain solution and drained off the remaining water on the specimen.
  • 4. Add sulfuric acid solution and covered slide, decolorizing 1~2 minutes. (Shake the slide from time to time until there is no red shedding)
  • 5. Rinse slowly for 10~20 seconds with running water, and drain off the remaining water on the slide. If there is still red in the specimen, then decolorizing again until the specimen is colorless or pale pink.
  • 6. Add methylene blue solution, staining for 30~60 seconds.
  • 7. Rinse with running water gently and air dry. Examine the finished slide under a microscope.

Result interpretation

  • In light blue background, the weak acid-fast bacteria (e.g.: Nocardia) are red, and other bacteria and cells are blue

Method limitation

  • Only used for the staining of acid-fast bacteria.

Precautions

  • 1. Do not let the staining solution on the slides dry out during staining.
  • 2. The specimen after smearing, should not be too thick and the specimen is too thick to be difficult decolorizing. It is necessary to prolong the decolorization time and easily cause the background to be too deep to  affect the microscopic examination.
  • 3. Due to cedarwood oil can dissolve fuchsin dye, discoloring the dyed material. And it is easy to dry and coagulate, causing damage to the oil lens, therefore, the prohibition of the use of cedarwood oil, must use  special immersion oil.
  • 4. If you want to save the observed smear, use the filter paper or absorbent paper to dry the immersion oil, then use the swab to dip the wet alcohol, gently wipe off the immersion oil on the top of the specimen, wipe the intensity less, and guard against the specimen falling off.
  • 5. Winter temperature is too low in winter, the staining time should be lengthened properly.
  • 6. Each reagent after use, please quickly cover, to avoid evaporation.
  • 7. For kit storage, avoid exposure to extreme high or low temperature and sunlight.
  • 8. This kit must be used by professionals and the interpretation of results.
  • 9. Should carefully read the instruction manual before using. Can only be used before expiration date, and good personal hygiene protection.
  • 10. After use, disposal of waste should comply with the hospital or the environmental protection department requirements.
  • 11. Production date and lot number and expiration date showed on the package.

References

1. People's Republic of China national health and Family Planning Commission of medical affairs authority.

2. The clinical laboratory operating procedures M. Fourth edition. Beijing: People's Medical Publishing House, 2014.

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